FICO - Your Credit Score
Since our world is so computer-driven, it's probably not that surprising that your ability to repay virtually any loan comes down to one number.
This score is compiled by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history from all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans and the like.
The three credit reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO score was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following factors in calculating a score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe on them?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little by agency. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers will probably find their FICO scores above 620.
Credit scores make a huge difference in your interest rate
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
What can you do to improve your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Because the score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it is hard to change it quickly. You should appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect data on your credit report; this is really the only "quick fix" for credit troubles.
How do I find out my FICO score?
Before you can improve your score, you must obtain your score and be sure that the reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the original FICO credit score, sells scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three agencies. They also provide information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from all three credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your credit score? Call us at 214-718-7183.